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About Nuclear Fuel Cycle

Nuclear Fuel Cycle can be defined as the set of processes to make use of nuclear materials and to return it to normal state. It starts with the mining of unused nuclear materials from the nature and ends with the safe disposal of used nuclear material in the nature.

To produce energy from Uranium in a nuclear reactor, it must be passed through in a series of different processes. The complete set of processes to make nuclear fuel from uranium ore is known as front end of the nuclear fuel cycle. The processes in the front end of the nuclear cycle are mining and milling, conversion, enrichment and fuel fabrication.

After producing energy in the reactor, nuclear fuel becomes spent fuel. Spent fuel has also to be processed in a storage facility or in a reprocessing facility if it is being recycled. Temporary storage, reprocessing, long-term storage, or final storage of spent fuel are together called back end of the nuclear fuel cycle.